Resources for Biotope Aquaria: plants by continent of origin

Africa
Ammannia gracilis: tropical Africaaquarium plant
Anubias barteri: tropical West Africa
Aponogeton ulvaceus: Madagascar Paso
Bolbitis heudelotii: Ethiopia to South Africa
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide
Ceratopteris thalictroides (oriental water fern): tropics, worldwide
Crinum natans: Africa
Nymphaea lotus(Egyptian waterlily): East Africa, Madagascar, Southeast Asia
Riccia fluitans (crystalwort): worldwide
Vallisneria spiralis (corkscrew Vallisneria): tropics and subtropicsIndian Subcontinent and Vicinity
Aponogeton crispus: Sri Lanka.
Aponogeton rigidifolius: Sri Lanka.
Aponogeton undulatus: India and Indochina.
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide
Ceratopteris thalictroides (oriental water fern): tropics, worldwide
Cryptocoryne wendtii: Sri Lanka
Cryptocoryne willisii: Sri Lanka
Hygrophila corymbosa: India, Malaysia, Indonesia
Hygrophila difformis (water wisteria): India, western Indochina
Hygrophila polysperma: India
Limnophila aquatica: India, Sri Lanka
Rotala macrandra (Tooth-cup): India
Riccia fluitans (crystalwort): worldwide
Vallisneria spiralis (corkscrew Vallisneria): tropics and subtropics
Vesicularia dubyana (java moss): India, Malaya, Java

Southeast Asia
Barclaya longifolia: Burma, Thailand, Vietnam
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide
Ceratopteris thalictroides (oriental water fern): tropics, worldwide
Cryptocoryne affinis: Malay peninsula
Cryptocoryne cordata: Malay peninsula
Cryptocoryne pontederiifolia: Sumatra, Borneo
Hygrophila corymbosa: India, Malaysia, Indonesia
Hygrophila difformis (water wisteria): India, western Indochina
Limnophila sessiflora: tropical Southeast Asia
Microsorium pteropus (java fern): tropical Southeast Asia
Nymphaea lotus(Egyptian waterlily): East Africa, Madagascar, Southeast Asia
Riccia fluitans (crystalwort): worldwide
Rotala rotundifolia (Tooth-cup): mainland Southeast Asia
Vallisneria spiralis (corkscrew Vallisneria): tropics and subtropics
Vesicularia dubyana (java moss): India, Malaya, Java
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide

South and Central America
Alternanthera reineckii (copperleaf): tropical America
Cabomba aquatica (fanwort): Northern South America to southern North America
Cabomba caroliniana ( Carolina fanwort): South America to southern North America
Cabomba piauhyensis: Central and South America.
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide
Ceratopteris thalictroides (oriental water fern): tropics, worldwide
Echinodorus amazonicus ( Amazon sword plant): Brazil.
Echinodorus bleheri: tropical South America
Echinodorus horemanni: southern Brazil.
Echinodorus osiris: southern Brazil
Egeria densa (Brazilian waterweed): Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil
Hemianthus micranthemoides: Cuba, southeastern USA
Heteranthera zosterifolia (Mud plantain): eastern South America
Hydrocotyle leucocephala (water pennywort): Brazil
Ludwigia repens (water primrose): tropical North America and Central America
Myriophyllum aquaticum (water milfoil, Parrot’s Feather): South America, naturalized in Southern North America
Riccia fluitans (crystalwort): worldwide
Sagittaria subulata: American east coast, parts of South America
Samolus parviflorus (water pimpernel): North and South America, West Indies
Vallisneria spiralis (corkscrew Vallisneria): tropics and subtropics

North America

Bacopa caroliniana (water hyssop): southern, central USA.
Cabomba aquatica (fanwort): Northern South America to southern North America
Cabomba caroliniana ( Carolina fanwort): South America to southern North America
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort): worldwide
Ceratopteris thalictroides (oriental water fern): tropics, worldwide
Didiplis diandra (water purslane): North America
Echinodorus cordifolius: central and southern North America, Mexico
Hemianthus micranthemoides: Cuba, southeastern USA
Ludwigia repens (water primrose): tropical North America and Central America
Myriophyllum aquaticum (water milfoil, Parrot’s Feather): South America, naturalized in southern North America (not native there)
Nymphoides aquatica (banana plant): Florida.
Riccia fluitans (crystalwort): worldwide
Sagittaria subulata: American east coast, parts of South America
Samolus parviflorus (water pimpernel): North and South America, West Indies
Shinnersia rivularis: Northern Mexico

References:

Scheurmann, Ines. Aquarium Plants Manual. Barron’s

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *